- A living will, despite its name, is not a will in the traditional sense. While a traditional will outlines your wishes for your property after your death, a living will, typically known as an advance healthcare directive in California, is a legal document that expresses your preferences for medical treatment if you become unable to communicate or make decisions. You can also designate an agent to make those decisions for you.
Understanding Living Wills: In the face of serious illness or injury, you might be incapacitated and unable to express your wishes concerning life-sustaining treatment. In such circumstances, a living will communicates your preferences to your healthcare providers and loved ones. This can include your decisions about resuscitation, ventilation, artificial nutrition and hydration, and pain management.
Why You Need One: A living will is an essential part of a comprehensive estate plan for several reasons.
Firstly, it ensures your medical wishes are honored. Without a living will, doctors are generally obligated to do everything possible to save and sustain your life, which may not align with your preferences.
Secondly, it spares your loved ones from making tough decisions in a crisis. Without clear directives from you, your family may face the difficult task of guessing your wishes under stressful circumstances. This can also lead to disagreements among family members about what is best for you.
Thirdly, a living will can provide peace of mind. Knowing that your wishes will be respected and that you’ve minimized potential conflicts among your loved ones can provide significant comfort.
Choosing a Healthcare Proxy: As noted above, in California’s advance healthcare directive you can also appoint a healthcare proxy. This is a person you trust to make medical decisions on your behalf if you’re unable to do so. While a living will guides your proxy’s decisions, there may be unforeseen circumstances that your living will doesn’t cover.
Regular Updates: Just as with other estate planning documents, your living will should be revisited periodically. You may find that your feelings about certain treatments change over time, or your health circumstances may alter, which could influence your decisions about end-of-life care.
Sharing Your Living Will: Make sure that your doctors and close family members know that you have a living will and where to find it. You may even want to give copies to relevant parties to ensure it’s readily available when needed.
In conclusion, a living will/advance healthcare directive is a crucial tool to ensure your healthcare wishes are respected and your loved ones are spared from making challenging decisions in a crisis. By taking the time to create this vital document, you can provide clear guidance for your medical care, even if you become unable to communicate your desires personally. It’s a key part of responsible life and estate planning that everyone should consider.